Q&A: What Are The Do’s and Don’ts When Operating An Electric Hoist?
Electric hoists transport heavy loads. These are widely used as attachments to gantries and cranes during lifting operations. Operational guidelines must be in place to comply with regulations and to ensure workplace safety. We answer your questions on how to operate electrical hoists safely.
Q: What makes a capable electric hoist operator?
A: An electrical hoist operator must be in good health and should have a solid grasp of both mechanical and electrical concepts. He or she should be familiar with the structure, functionalities, and performance of the electric hoist to be used. On-the-job training and relevant certifications are essential to the role.
Q: Under what conditions should an electric hoist not be used?
A: An electric hoist should not be used in these scenarios:
- The worksite is dark and it’s close to impossible to see objects.
- The sling is unbalanced and may slide. The edges of the objects to be lifted are not aligned with the steel wire rope.
- Parts such as brakes, stoppers, and hooks are showing signs of wear and tear.
- Objects to be transported exceed recommended weight limits.
Q: What are the do’s and don’ts when operating an electric hoist?
A: When operating an electric hoist, do:
- A no-load test before using it for the day. Are the control buttons and stoppers working properly? Are there unusual noises when the electric hoist starts to run? Is the brake functioning and reliable? All issues must be resolved before the electric hoist can be used.
- Inspect equipment before and after each shift.
- Use all hoisting equipment according to the rated load.
- Raise the hook to a height of above two meters after use. Make sure to shut down the main power supply.
- Use the electric hoist for vertical hoisting only.
- Keep calm should there be a brake failure. Alternately press the “up” and “down” buttons several times to gradually lower the load to the ground.
- Document hoisting equipment history. Your files should include technical and operational manuals, installation location and start-up time details, daily usage logs, equipment errors, inspection records, maintenance and repair records, and personnel accident records.
- Overload the electrical hoist.
- Disassemble or modify any safety device on hoisting equipment.
- Pass over someone while lifting a load.
- Use hoisting equipment to drag heavy loads along the ground.
- Hang a load in the air for extended periods.
- Adjust the brake or perform inspection and maintenance procedures while lifting loads.
Covering the southeastern United States, Integrity Crane, and Hoist, LLC (ICH) is committed to workplace safety and strives for zero incidents at all times. Call (615) 302-3431 for more information.